تأثیر کاراکتر بر توانمندی‌های احساسی و اجتماعی: پژوهش پیمایشی روی دانشجویان حوزه مدیریت

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه تهران

2 دانشیار، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران

3 استاد، گروه مدیریت، دانشکده مدیریت و اقتصاد، دانشگاه صنعتی شریف، تهران، ایران

چکیده

هدف: این مطالعه به بررسی ارتباط ابعاد کاراکتر و توانمندی‌های احساسی ـ اجتماعی می‌پردازد. توانمندی‌های احساسی ـ اجتماعی تأثیر چشمگیری بر عملکرد افراد دارند. کاراکتر در توسعه توانمندی‌ها، نقش بنیادین دارد. با وجود این، تاکنون در راستای بررسی ارتباط ابعاد کاراکتر و توانمندی‌ها مطالعه‌ دقیقی انجام نشده ‌است. در این مطالعه به ارتباط بین این دو عامل می‌پردازیم.
روش: این پژوهش کمی و با روش پرسش‌نامه‌ای است. جامعه نمونه 165 نفر از دانشجویان ارشد مدیریت در ایران است. نمونه‌گیری به‌صورت تصادفی و با ارسال ایمیل انجام شد. روایی تحقیق با مرور ادبیات، مصاحبه متخصصان، گزینش و بازگرداندن پرسش‌نامه‌ها به فارسی طی چندین مرحله صورت گرفت. پایایی متغیرهای تحقیق با روش آلفای کرونباخ پس از تکمیل پرسش‌نامه سنجیده شد. در انتها، متغیرهای تحقیق به شکل میانگین محاسبه و با روش رگرسیون خطی تحلیل شدند.
یافتهها: ابعاد مختلف کاراکتر بر توانمندی‌های احساسی ـ اجتماعی تأثیر مثبت و معناداری داشتند. به‌طور کلی در دسته توانمندی‌های احساسی ـ خودآگاهی، ابعاد کاراکتر اعتدال، مسئولیت‌پذیری و تمامیت اخلاقی؛ در دسته توانمندی‌های احساسی ـ خودمدیریتی ابعاد کاراکتر اعتدال، انگیزه، وراروی، مشارکت و شهامت؛ در دسته توانمندی‌های اجتماعی ـ آگاهی اجتماعی، ابعاد فروتنی، انسانیت و شهامت و در دسته توانمندی‌های اجتماعی ـ مدیریت ارتباطات بین فردی، ابعاد داوری، واوری، مشارکت، شهامت و تمامیت اخلاقی تأثیر مثبت و معناداری داشتند.
نتیجهگیری: نتایج این تحقیق اهمیت کاراکتر را در شکل‌گیری توانمندی‌های احساسی ـ اجتماعی پررنگ‌تر می‌کند. با توجه به نتایج، ابعادی نظیر اعتدال، انسانیت، فروتنی و وراوی به‌عنوان ابعاد اثرگذار بر توسعه توانمندی‌ها شناخته شدند که در مطالعات قبلی به آنها کمتر توجه شده بود. رهبری فروتنانه، مکانیزم‌های انگیزشی مناسب و برنتابیدن رفتارهای غرورآمیز و غیرانسانی، راهکارهایی هستند که در راستای توسعه ابعاد کاراکتر به آنها اشاره شده ‌است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Effect of Character on Emotional-Social Competencies: A Survey on Management Students

نویسندگان [English]

  • Rosa Hendijani 1
  • Seyyed Babak Alavi 2
  • Alinaghi Mashayekhi 3
1 Assistant Prof., Department of Management, Faculty of Management,University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
2 Associate Prof., Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran,
3 Prof., Department of Management, Faculty of Management and Economics, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective
This study examines the relationship between character and emotional-social competencies among management students. Emotional and social competencies are two types of competencies that have a significant impact on individual's performance. Character is an underlying element that can influence the development of emotional and social competencies. In addition, both character and competencies are the building blocks of successful performance among individuals in personal and organizational settings. Considering the importance of character in competence building and development and the shortage of relied studies in the literature, in this study we examined the relationship between these two constructs.
 
Methodology
The present quantitative research was carried out through questionnaires. Based on random sampling using email, 165 M.A students of management were selected. We also used self-reported surveys to measure character and emotional and social competencies among those students. The validity of the instruments was sought based on the literature review, interviews with experts, and the translation of the questionnaire into Farsi within several steps. Chronbach Alpha was also used to determine the reliability of the instrument. And finally, the data were analyzed using linear regression.
 
Findings
Results of our study matches the predictions of character-competence entanglement theory. Character dimensions had significantly positive influence on the formation of emotional and social competencies. In total, for emotional awareness competencies: temperance, accountability, and integrity; for emotional self-management competencies: temperance, motivation, transcendence, collaboration, and courage; for social awareness competencies: humility, humanity, and courage; and for social relationship management competencies: judgment, transcendence, collaboration, courage, and integrity had significantly positive effects on different dimensions.
 
Conclusion
This study highlights the important role of character in emotional-social competency building and development. Based on the results, character dimensions including temperance, humanity, humility, and transcendence have an important effect on building competencies. Organizational strategies including humble leadership, motivational mechanisms that foster respect, humility, temperance, and refusal of overconfident behavior are discussed for promoting such character dimensions in organizations.
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Emotional competencies
  • Social competencies
  • Character
  • Character-competence entanglement
محمدبیگی، ابوالفضل؛ محمدصالحی، نرگس؛ علی‌گل محمد (1393). روایی پایایی ابزارها و روش‌های مختلف اندازه‌گیری آنها در پژوهش‌های کاربردی در سلامت. مجله دانشگاه علوم پزشکی رفسنجان، 13، 1353-1170.

 

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