بررسی پیامدهای رفتاری/ نگرشی مدیریت برند داخلی میان کارکنان فروش شرکت فرمند

نوع مقاله: مقاله علمی پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجوی کارشناسی ارشد، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، ایران

2 گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، ایران

3 استادیار، گروه مدیریت بازرگانی، دانشکده مدیریت دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران شمال، ایران

چکیده

هدف: در ﺳﺎلﻫﺎی اﺧﯿﺮ به روﯾﮑﺮدی ﻧﻮﯾﻦ ﺑﺎ ﺗﺄﮐﯿﺪ ﺑﺮ ﻧﻘﺶ ﮐﺎرﮐﻨﺎن در ﺑﺮﻧﺪﺳﺎزی ﺗﻮﺟﻪ شده اﺳﺖ. اﯾﻦ روﯾﮑﺮد ﺗﺤﺖ ﺗﺄﺛﯿﺮ ﻣﺪﯾﺮﯾﺖ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ داﺧﻠﯽ، ﺗﻌﻬﺪ ﮐﺎرﮐﻨﺎن ﺑﻪ ﺑﺮﻧﺪ، رﻓﺘﺎر ﺷﻬﺮوﻧﺪی ﺑﺮﻧﺪ و رضایت شغلی ﺷﮑﻞ ﮔﺮﻓﺘﻪ اﺳﺖ. نظر به اهمیت برندسازی داخلی و تحقیق و پژوهش در رابطه با رفتار کارکنان، پژوهش حاضر درصدد بررسی پیامدهای رفتاری/ نگرشی مدیریت برند داخلی از جمله رفتار شهروندی برند، تمایل به ماندن، تعهد به برند و رضایت شغلی در میان کارکنان فروش شرکت فرمند است.
روش: پژوهش حاضر توصیفی از نوع همبستگی است. در این پژوهش از روش تمام‌شماری استفاده شده و داده‌ها از کلیه کارمندان فروش شرکت فرمند گردآوری شده‌اند. به‌منظور گردآوری داده‌های مورد نیاز، از پرسش‌نامه استاندارد بهره گرفته شد و تجزیه و تحلیل داده‌های حاصل از پرسش‌نامه‌ها با روش مدل‌سازی معادلات ساختاری (SEM) و نرم‌افزار PLS انجام شد.
یافته‌‌ ها: نتایج حاصل از آزمون فرضیه‌ها، حاکی از تأثیر مثبت مدیریت برند داخلی بر رضایت شغلی و تعهد به برند است و تأثیر مثبت مدیریت برند داخلی بر رفتار شهروندی برند با نقش میانجی تعهد به برند نیز تأیید شد. تأثیر مثبت مدیریت برند داخلی بر رفتار شهروندی برند و تمایل به ماندن تأیید نشد، همچنین رضایت شغلی بر تعهد به برند تأثیر مثبت نداشت. مدیریت برند داخلی بر تمایل به ماندن با نقش میانجی رضایت شغلی و تعهد به برند تأثیر مثبت نداشت و تأثیر مثبت مدیریت برند داخلی بر رفتار شهروندی برند با نقش میانجی رضایت شغلی پذیرفته نشد.
نتیجه ‎گیری: نظر به اینکه کارکنان مشتریان داخلی شرکت به شمار می‌روند، مدیریت منابع انسانی برندمحور (استخدام، اجتماعی‌سازی و آموزش) یکی از روش‌هایی است که می‌تواند کلید موفقیت برنامه مدیریت برند داخلی باشد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

موضوعات


عنوان مقاله [English]

Investigating the Behavioral / Attitudinal Consequences of Internal Brand Management among Sales Personnel of Farmand Company

نویسندگان [English]

  • Maryam Behzadi 1
  • Ehsan Abedi 2
  • Seyed Mahmoud Hashemi 3
1 MSc. Student, Department of Business Management, Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran.
2 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran.
3 Assistant Prof., Faculty of Management and Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University Tehran North Branch, Tehran, Iran.
چکیده [English]

Objective
Internal brand management is an effective factor in building and maintaining a strong brand. This sustainable competitive advantage includes the activities within an organization to ensure reflection on the brand value, so the staff can play an important role in the processes of managing and promoting internal brand.  A new approach with emphasis on the role of employees in branding has been taken into account in recent years. This approach has been affected by internal brand management, brand commitment, brand citizenship behavior and job satisfaction. Most of the models of branding are proposed in other countries and thus are designed and implemented according to their own market. Considering the importance of internal brand management and researches conducted on the personnel’s behavior, the present research aims to investigate the behavioral / attitudinal consequences of internal brand managementsuch as brand citizenship behavior, intention to stay, brand commitment and job satisfaction, among sales personnel of Farmand Company to implement the branding model in Iran and to probably modify those models based on the needs and characteristics of Iran market.
 
Methodology
The present research is applied in nature. It is also descriptive and correlative because it concerns the behavioral / attitudinal consequences of internal brand management. The statistical population of the research includes all 257 sales personnel of Farmand Company. To collect the data, a standard questionnaire was distributed and the data were analyzed through Structural EquationModeling (SEM), Partial Least Squares using Smart PLS2 software.
 
Findings
The results approved the positive effect of internal brand management on brand commitment and job satisfaction among the sales personnel in Farmand Company. Moreover, the positive effect of internal brand management on brand citizenship behavior considering the mediating role of brand commitment was confirmed. However, it was observed that internal brand management has no positive effects on intention to stay with mediating role of job satisfaction and brand commitment. In addition, the findings showed that internal brand management has no positive effect on brand citizenship behavior with mediating role of job satisfaction.
 
Conclusion
Regarding employees as internal customers, brand orientated human resource practices (recruitment, induction and training) are one way that can be the key to a successful internal brand management program.With the increase in internal brand management, we can expect improvement in the commitment of Farmand Company sales personnel to the brand. If brand identity, brand leadership and brand communication improve as the leverage of internal brand management, job satisfaction will increase. Employees may be more likely to stay with any increase in the payment because most employees today are not financially supported and are unlikely to want to continue working with the organization because of the organization's low-wage relationships or brand personality. Also, factors such as work-related psychological stress including role ambiguity, role conflict, and repetitiveness of the role can also lead to a tendency to quit. Job satisfaction has a wide range of features including job characteristics, payment, promotion, supervision, benefits, work environment, co-workers, and so on. Uncertainty about how salaries and remuneration are paid is one of the factors contributing to the decline in employee job satisfaction and ultimately their commitment to the brand. Job satisfaction has many dimensions and may not be fully implemented among the all staff. In this case, the employee may be dissatisfied with the whole organization and he may decide to quit if there are better suggestions from rival organizations. Besides, top-down job ordering, job uniformity and disregarding staff can be a cause of job dissatisfaction and a tendency to quit. Having a strong brand is a top priority for any organization and employees can play an important role in achieving such a goal. Employees who do not have sufficient information about the brand's mission and future goals will not be effective in accomplishing the goals. Employees need to be confident about their position in the company and to be considered as a part of the brand in order to try to help brand to achieve its goals (extracurricular behaviors).
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Brand citizenship behavior
  • Brand commitment
  • Intention to stay
  • Job satisfaction
  • Internal brand management

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